◼ Americans will face a choice this November. They can go down the path California has chosen, a path of less oil development, fewer refineries and higher gas prices. Or they can let the market build a robust energy infrastructure that will create thousands of construction jobs now and keep energy prices low for decades. Depending on the choice they make, $7 gas could really be just four more years away. - Conn Carroll/Washington Examiner @conncarroll
◼ California gasoline consumers hurt by few suppliers, outages - Ken Bensinger, Los Angeles Times
California has about half the number of refiners it had in the early 1980s. Gasoline price spikes, such as the one this month, hurt independent stations too.